Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island
Charlottetown is the capital city of Prince Edward Island, an island on the East Coast of Canada with a total population of close to 136,000. Charlottetown itself has just over 32,000 people and is more like a small town than a city. It is called 'The Birthplace of Confederation' because in 1864 the Fathers of Confederation held a conference in the city with the aim of uniting Upper and Lower Canada. The nine mile long Confederation Bridge is named in honour of the conference, and links Prince Edward Island to the mainland.
The city encourages the restoration and preservation of heritage sites and buildings and often gives grants, awards, tax freezes, and waives building permit fees for heritage properties that are being restored. The city has a boardwalk that follows the entire waterfront, a trolley system that makes a loop of the city, approximately 400 acres of parkland and greenspace, many walking trails, and is within a 40 minute drive of nearby beaches and golf courses. It has the lowest crime rate in the country, affordable housing, and little traffic.
Due to a lack of skilled workers, Prince Edward Island is currently facing labour shortages. On the other hand, a 2004 KPMG Study said, “Charlottetown is the lowest cost capital city, in the lowest cost country in all of North America, Europe and Japan, in which to do business.”
The birthrate is also steadily declining. The population in 1996 was 32,531, in 2001 it was 32,245, and in 2006 it was 32,174. The average full time earnings in 2006, were $37,095, and an average family contained three people. Of the city's population there were, 11,675 married, 1,880 divorced, 1,815 common-law, 1,020 separated, 2,403 widowed, and 9,900 single. The number of single male parents was 300, and female was 1, 660.
The religious breakdown of the city is 14,895 Catholic, 12,310 Protestant, 225 Orthodox, 765 other Christian, 160 Muslim, 15 Jewish, 110 Buddhist, 20 Hindu, 0 Sikh, 70 Eastern Religions, 60 other, and 2,580 with no religious affiliation. Of the protestant churches there are, 2 Anglican, 4 Baptist, 1 Christian Reformed Church, 2 Church of Christ, 1 Nazarene, 1 Orthodox, 1 Pentecostal, 1 Bible Chapel, and 3 Presbyterian. There is also a Church of the Latter-day Saints, and a Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses.
Charlottetown is home to four postsecondary institutions: The University of Prince Edward Island, Atlantic Veterinary College (part of UPEI), Holland College, and the Maritime Christian College.